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Work-family balance and its correlates among Finnish academic professionals: Profiling the experiences of work-family conflict and enrichment
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Work-family balance and its correlates among Finnish academic professionals: Profiling the experiences of work-family conflict and enrichment

23 pages · 4.38 EUR
(September 2011)

 
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Introduction:

The importance of work-family balance (henceforth WFB) on life quality has been widely acknowledged by work-family scholars as well as in political agendas. Thus far, however, WFB has relatively rarely been explicitly studied, that is, defining and measuring the concept consisting of both work-family conflict and enrichment instead of regarding it just an absence of work-family conflict. In this chapter, we examine how well Finnish academic professionals (n = 1,406) have succeeded in finding WFB in their lives. Specifically, we provide a theoretical overview into con-temporary and typological approaches on WFB. Then we test the latter using latent profile analysis (LPA). We examined whether four types of WFB – beneficial, harmful, active, and passive – conceptualized and formed on the basis of role conflict and role enhancement theories can be identified via this advanced statistical method. In exploring the possible combinations of work-family conflict and enrichment we focus on both directions, that is, work-to-family and family-to-work. Furthermore, we also examine whether the WFB profiles differ in demographic factors, perceived job characteristics and subjective well-being. Finally, we present conclusions and implications based on our findings.


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the authors
Ulla Kinnunen

is a professor at the Department of Psychology, University of Tampere, Finland. At present her research activities focus on three areas: work-family interaction among individual employees and marital couples, well-being at work with regard to stress, burnout and recovery, and job insecurity and temporary work in organisations

Saija Mauno

is currently working as an academic research fellow at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Her research interests cover the workfamily interface, job insecurity and temporary work, as well as wellbeing at work (e.g. commitment in one's work, job stress).

Johanna Rantanen

(Ph.D. in psychology from University of Jyväskylä in 2008) is a researcher at the Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. At present her main research interests are workfamily and work-life interaction from individual and life-span perspectives.