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Wednesday, March 20, 2019
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Natural Capital in Germany - State and Valuation; with special reference to Biodiversity
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Natural Capital in Germany - State and Valuation; with special reference to Biodiversity

24 Seiten · 4,61 EUR
(Oktober 2009)

 
Ich bin mit den AGB, insbesondere Punkt 10 (ausschließlich private Nutzung, keine Weitergabe an Dritte), einverstanden und erkenne an, dass meine Bestellung nicht widerrufen werden kann.
 
 

In his paper Burkhard Schweppe-Kraft starts with an analysis of the current situation in nature conservation and preservation of ecosystem services in Germany. The state of ecosystem services is outlined along the main ecosystem components: climate, air, water, soil and biodiversity. The further discussion focuses on the biodiversity component. According to Schweppe-Kraft the political targets for biodiversity on German, EU and international level at first look seem to be linked to the concept of strong sustainability. A closer view, however, reveals that it is quite doubtful whether implementation would really be in line with the strong sustainability idea. In fact, political activities prove that there is a strong demand for additional, more neo-classical arguments for nature conservation, which rather belong to the concept of weak sustainability. For Schweppe-Kraft an evaluation of economic valuation studies in Germany shows that the most important component of the value of biodiversity is constituted by people?s willingness to pay for biodiversity conservation based on ethical or aesthetical reasons. The willingness to pay, as stated in interviews at ? so called ? contingent valuation studies, exceeds the required costs for biodiversity conservation greatly. This means that conserving biodiversity as a natural capital pays off very well in economic terms. Stated preferences are, however, a weak argument in the political debate, at least in Germany. But this seems for Schweppe-Kraft to be true also for other countries. Therefore, the commonly applied neo-classical stated preference methods for nature valuation should be complemented by additional approaches. The approach he presents is based on restoration costs and restoration time according to the ?Habitat Equivalency Analysis? (HEA) developed in the USA for compensating for ecosystem damages.

zitierfähiger Aufsatz aus ...
the author
Burkhard Schweppe-Kraft

studied economics at the University of Münster. From 1982 to 1987 lecturer and researcher at the Technical University of Berlin (TU Berlin) in resource economics, landscape planning, valuation, mitigation and compensation of impacts on nature and landscape. Afterwards he worked on projects on environmental impact assessment at the German Environment Agency (UBA) and the TU Berlin. Since 1992 he is Scientific advisor at the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), departments for landscape planning, large scale conservation projects and since 1997: legal affairs, economics and ecologically sound regional development. Since 2007 he is also a lecturer on nature conservation economics at the applied university of Bernburg.