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Thursday, August 22, 2019
 Startseite » Ökonomie 
The Economic Theory of the Firm in the Era of Digital Manufacturing
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The Economic Theory of the Firm in the Era of Digital Manufacturing

33 Seiten · 5,49 EUR
(August 2016)

 
Ich bin mit den AGB, insbesondere Punkt 10 (ausschließlich private Nutzung, keine Weitergabe an Dritte), einverstanden und erkenne an, dass meine Bestellung nicht widerrufen werden kann.
 
 

off introduction:

Today, firms are developing methods to print food, clothes or organs as well as parts for airplanes or even entire houses (Natural Machines 2015; heise online 2015a; heise online 2014; heise online 2015b, iX News 2015). Machines communicate with each other to steer the production of goods autonomously and individually customised for buyers at low costs. New technologies offer the opportunity to produce a number of existing products or product parts faster, cheaper and in better quality compared to traditional production processes. Digital production processes can easily and without significant costs adjust to both very small and very large lot sizes, volatile demand and changes in the product. Production may take place centralised – or decentralised in mini-factories in a community or a household.

This is the vision of digital manufacturing, sometimes also called digital fabrication or digital production. It is based on the idea of a universalistic production of goods (Gershenfeld 2012, Haag in this volume). Universalistic production means the ability to generate (nearly) every kind of product as a replication of a digital model that can be copied and varied easily. Moreover, products are created from only a few basic resources like energy, metal and plastic and they are the output of quasi-automatic interaction of smart producing units. This vision is related to and based on current technologies like additive manufacturing and smart devices that allow for rapid prototyping and self-regulated production without a lot of human interaction. It might – in the very long run – turn into something that resembles the famous Star Trek replicator.


zitierfähiger Aufsatz aus ...
Digital Manufacturing
Christoph Haag, Torsten Niechoj (eds.):
Digital Manufacturing
the author
Prof. Dr. Torsten Niechoj
Torsten Niechoj

Professor für Volkswirtschaftslehre und Politikwissenschaft an der Hochschule Rhein-Waal, Fakultät Kommunikation und Umwelt. Zuvor: Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Makroökonomie und Konjunkturforschung (IMK) in der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung.

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